STPI-Kanpur was commissioned in the year 2001. STPI-Kanpur is situated in UPSIDC in the prime location of City at Kanpur. Software Technology Parks of India is an Autonomous Society set up by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), Government of India, has since emerged as the growth driver of Indian IT/ITeS/ESDM industry. With a mandate to promote software and electronic hardware exports from the country by implementing Software Technology Park (STP) & Electronic Hardware Technology Park (EHTP) Schemes, STPI pioneered the ease of doing business for policy governance in India by building a robust ecosystem to provide single window clearance services, world-class internet connectivity, state-of-the-art incubation facilities and other infrastructure services to encourage, promote and boost software exports.
The Headquarters is located in New Delhi. STPIs have been setup across the country and have presence in 59 locations, STPI has expanded its presence pan-India to disperse tech-driven entrepreneurship to tier-II/III cities. STPI has warranted the growth of software exports and generated employment and entrepreneurial opportunities by buoying the economic progress of the nation. In FY 2019-20, STPI-registered units contributed Rs. 169.86 lakhs software exports.
1. Emergence of Software Policy:
The first Computer Policy of 1984 and Software Policy of 1986 emphasized the concept of software development and export through data communication links. This policy's objective was to develop software in India using Indian expertise on sophisticated computers, which were being imported duty free. This way, one could make use of the low cost expertise available in India and avoid the expense of time and cost in traveling abroad.
However, there was a substantial cost involved in the data communication links. As per the policy, companies were allowed to establish data communication links by their own initial investments. The ownership of the equipment and the operations of the same Gateway would remain with VSNL and VSNL would pay back to the user over a prescribed period after deducting the operational maintenance costs.
It was very expensive for smaller companies and other offshore development users to afford the high cost of the data communication.
In fact, when the Govt. announced the first Software Policy in 1986, many such issues were addressed.
2. The Beginning:
STPI's role began in the government's shadow and it was more of an entrepreneurial role of working directly with software companies and working like a corporate. However, this did not mean that STPI functioned like a typical government department. The role of STPI was more of a service provider that could be leveraged by software companies.
Therein emerged three important factors that gave the necessary impetus to the concept. These were the newness of the business model, Internet infrastructure facilities and the government interface; all these brought a positive response from industry, especially the SME sector, which needed this support for their business to grow.
The concept of STP Scheme was evolved in 1991 and enunciated the following objectives:
To establish and manage infrastructure resources such as Data Communication facilities, Core Computer facilities, Built-up space and other common amenities.
To provide 'single window' statutory services such as Project approvals, import certification software valuation and certification of exports for software exporters.
To promote development and export of software services through technology assessments, market analyses, market segmentation and marketing support.
To train professionals and to encourage design and development in the field of software technology and software engineering.
All STPI’s were equipped with dedicated earth station equipment for providing Data Communication links.
The erstwhile Department of Electronics, Govt. of India with the support of World Bank had carried out a study on the opportunities presented by the Global IT Industry. This study identified the factors that are very essential for the growth of the Software Industry and also compared the potential of the countries competing in the Global Market. Some of the factors which needed improvement were clearly identified from the study and STPI focused in improving those factors.
International Communication is one such factor which needed much attention and India was factored -2 as against +8 factored to Ireland. This is one of the primary reasons why STPI took up the responsibility of providing the International Data Communication facilities exclusively for the Software Export Industry.
3. The Growth Booster:
The Role of STPI in the growth of the IT industry has been tremendous, especially in the case of start-up SMEs.
STP scheme the catalyst
The STP scheme is a 100 percent export oriented scheme for the development and export of computer software, including export of professional services using communication links or physical media. This scheme is unique in its nature as it focuses on one product/sector, i.e. computer software. The scheme integrates the government concept of 100 percent Export Oriented Units (EOUs) and Export Processing Zones (EPZs) and the concept of Science Parks/Technology Parks, as operating elsewhere in the world.
With STPI presence, orderly implementation of STP Scheme and the Govt. initiatives, in general, the offshore software exports from the country during 1991-92, which was mere 20-35% has grown to more than 70% during 2009-10.
In fact, countries like Mauritius, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Algeria, Indonesia, etc. are taking the help of STPI to set up similar technology parks with the same concept.